Any movement of cargo from one location to another involves some form of risk, be it the risk of damage, pilferage, theft of entire packages or non-delivery of the whole shipment.
Customers are required to protect themselves by taking proper cargo and marine insurance covers. for general cargo three different levels of insurance which can be chosen C, B & A Clauses.
The clauses are published by the Lloyd’s Market Association (LMA) and International Underwriting Association of London (IUA).
Marine insurers charge cargo insurance premiums based on the type of coverage by the customer. Depending on the Incoterms used, the insurance cost may be borne either by seller or the buyer.
Related reading: What Is ENS And Why Is There An ENS Charge?